Man`s tradition and GOD`S word Presented by Steven Schiller
As Jesus went about preaching and teaching, He often ran afoul of the religious leaders over the matter of keeping traditions...
E.g., plucking heads of grain on the Sabbath - Mt 12:1-8
E.g., healing on the Sabbath - Mt 12:9-14
E.g., eating with unwashed hands - Mt 15:1-9
In Mt 15:1-9, Jesus describes the danger of traditions at length...
How keeping them can make void the very commands of God
How keeping them can make our worship vain before God
Traditions are very important in some religions...
In the Roman Catholic church, tradition is place on par with God's Word
"It is an article of faith from a decree of the Vatican Council that Tradition is a source of theological teaching distinct from Scripture, and that it is infallible. It is therefore to be received with the same internal assent of Scripture, for it is the word of God." - Catholic Dictionary, p. 41-42
"Do you have to believe in Tradition? Yes, because it is the Word of God and has equal authority with the Bible." - Catholic Catechism For Adults, p. 11
Just about every Protestant church has its own traditions
It is often the accepted traditions that distinguish between the denominations
To be a member of a particular denomination, one must accept its traditions
In this study, we will address the following questions...
What are traditions?
Are traditions always wrong?
If not, when does a tradition become sinful?
[Let's begin with...]
THE MEANING OF TRADITION
THE WORD ITSELF...
The Greek word is "paradosis", which means "giving over" or "handing down"
It refers to teaching that is handed down either by word (orally) or in writing
AS UNDERSTOOD BY THE JEWS...
It was often applied to the oral teachings of the elders (distinguished elders from Moses on down)
These traditions were often divided into three classes...
Some oral laws supposedly given by Moses in addition to the written laws
Decisions of various judges which became precedents in judicial matters
Interpretations of highly respected rabbis which were held in reverence along with the OT scriptures
-- Article on "Tradition", ISBE
Prior to his conversion, Paul was a staunch supporter of Jewish tradition - Ga 1:13-14
AS UNDERSTOOD BY ROMAN AND GREEK CATHOLICS...
Their views appear to be parallel to that of the Jews
What they consider "Tradition" is what they believe to be the teachings:
Of Jesus or the apostles, persevered orally rather than through writing
Of various councils which have left various decrees
Of various church leaders (such as the pope) considered to be inspired with later revelations from God
Of course, one is expected to take their word for it that these "traditions" were truly from God and have been faithfully transmitted
AS FOUND IN THE SCRIPTURES...
The word "tradition" as such is not found in the Old Testament
It is found thirteen times in New Testament
Three times it refers to "apostolic teaching"
That which had been delivered by the apostles - 1Co 11:2
Whether by word (in person) or epistle - 2Th 2:15
Which Christians were expected to keep - 2Th 3:6
Ten times it refers to "the tradition of the elders" or "the traditions of men"
As in our text and parallel passages - Mt 15:2-6; Mk 7:3-13
Of which Paul warned the Colossians - Col 2:8
From which Jewish Christians had been delivered (including Paul) - 1Pe 1:18; Ga 1:14
Jesus did not feel bound to abide by "the traditions of the elders"
Some traditions He had no problem keeping
Such as going to a wedding feast - Jn 2:1-2
Or attending the Feast Of Dedication - Jn 10:22-23
But He just as easily had no problem with violating other traditions
Plucking grain or healing on the Sabbath
Eating with unwashed hands
Evidently Jesus did not subscribe to the view of "traditions" handed down orally
He never appealed to the traditions of the elders
He either appealed to the authority of the written Word (the Law of Moses), or to His own authority as the Son of God
[Not all "traditions" are wrong. When they are teachings inspired of God, given and "written" by men approved of God, they are to be heeded. But when they are doctrines or interpretations handed down by uninspired men, then like the traditions of the Jews they are suspect.
As we return to our text (Mt 15:1-9), Jesus points out...]
THE DANGER OF TRADITIONS OF MEN
THEY CAN MAKE VOID THE WORD OF GOD...
Jesus gave the example of honoring one's parents - Mt 15:3-6
The tradition of the elders taught giving to the temple freed one from giving to his or her parents
Thus rendering the command of God of no effect
There are traditions of men today with similar affect
Such as the practice of sprinkling for baptism, a tradition of man
When one keeps the tradition of sprinkling, they make the command of God to be baptized (immersed) of no effect!
Through keeping such traditions, one is actually rejecting the command of God! - cf. Mk 7:8-9
THEY CAN LEAD TO VAIN WORSHIP...
When traditions of men are taught on the same level as the commands of God, it leads to vain worship - Mt 15:9
Such worship may appear to be impressive, but it in actually "empty, worthless"
First, because God did not command it
Second, because it does not accomplish the good we really need - cf. Col 2:20-23
THEY CAN LEAD TO HYPOCRITICAL WORSHIP...
Traditions of men tend toward ritualism (just look at the rituals found in many religions that have no scriptural basis)
Such ritualism is often done repeatedly, with little thought as to its origin and purpose
It is easy to go through such rituals, with the heart and mind on other things
Worship without the heart (or mind) of man is hypocritical worship! - Mt 15:7-8
What are traditions?
They are simply teachings that have been handed down
In the case of inspired men (like the apostles) given in person or through their writings, such traditions are good and to be followed
In the case of oral transmissions, given through a chain of uninspired men, traditions are at best suspect...
Jesus did not hold the "traditions" orally transmitted through the Jews on par with God's written word
Neither should we hold "traditions" orally transmitted through Christians on par with God's written word
At worst, traditions of men can be vain and deadly...
When their observance leads one to not keep a command of God
When they are taught as doctrine, on par with God's word
When they lead to ritualism, done without engaging the heart and mind of man
From Jesus' words, let us be aware of "The Danger With Traditions", and make sure that our faith and practice is based upon the written Word of God, not the interpretations and teachings of uninspired men!